research paper tips

Guide On How To Conclude A Discussion Section Of A Research Paper

A discussion section in your research paper is a part where you start adding your personal evaluation of the subject investigation and the achieved data. Composing the part that has to do with the results, you have probably left several open questions. Now you simply need to speak wider on these questions and interpret your findings.

The Main Problems of the Research Discussion

At the very beginning of your work, you have made a null hypothesis that was to forecast the results of your investigation. In an ideal world, either the findings of experiments match the hypothesis or you can reject it to state that the achievements are what you have been struggling for. The things are somewhat more complicated in reality. This is the time when you should start evaluating the data that you do have.

You should remember that there is no difference whether you have achieved a desirable result or not and what has caused the difference between the wanted and received. Your work is anyway valuable because it’s possible that other researchers will want to keep on working, to improve the equipment, or to redesign the experiment. You should keep all this in mind when composing the discussion and getting close to its conclusion.

How to Give a Research Discussion a Winning Conclusion

  1. Be self-critical.
  2. If you haven’t achieved the planned result, be frank and speak about the improperly designed experiment. Suggest effective ways to improve the situation: choose another sampling, use more efficient equipment and tools, give preference to more suitable methods, etc. The discussion section is not simply about what you have found. It’s also about what you haven’t found and what can be done about it.

    Many students prefer concluding their discussion section with a statement, which says that the found results are not final, but it’s a too easy way. Instead, try to focus on the valuable things that you have achieved.

  3. Correlate your results.
  4. As your research is supported by reliable reference facts, you need to correlate your findings with the ones you have discovered while studying the source literature. Accentuate the similarities and differences between your findings and the results other researchers have once achieved.

    Once you have analyzed the findings thoroughly, you can make a concluding statement regarding the value and importance of the experiment for the explored area. Avoid overestimating the findings because your small experiment is hardly able to change the world. Always speak about the things you have learned from this work.